The spine is made up of small bones called vertebrae, placed one above the other and separated by a disk that functions as a cushion pad. Are held together with ligaments and muscles are linked to the vertebrae with strips of tissue called tendons. The central part of each vertebra is hollow and is in line with the other, forming a long channel that is the spinal cord. The spinal cord runs from the base of the brain to the lower back. The nerves of this branch and exit the spine through the spaces between the vertebrae. The lower back holds most of the weight of the body, so that even a minor problem in the bones, muscles, ligaments or tendons in this area can cause pain when the person stands, bends or moves . Less frequently, a disc can pinch or irritate a nerve from the spinal cord and cause sciatica pain, which runs along the back of the thigh to below the knee. Is the pain in your lower back or lumbar area caused by alterations of the different structures that form the spine at that level, ligaments, muscles, intervertebral discs and vertebrae. Pain is defined as acute if it lasts a short time, a few days to few weeks. The pain is chronic if it lasts more than 3 months. A significant number of people suffer from one or more episodes of back pain throughout his life, without seriously limiting their daily lives. Rarely is the exact cause of acute low back pain. Usually the symptoms are attributed to poor muscle tone, tension or muscle spasm, strains of muscles or ligaments, or joint problems. Poor physical fitness, overloading work involving the lumbar area, long periods of sitting or standing, emotional stress and prolonged physical inactivity increase the risk of back pain. The therapist will ask a series of questions about the characteristics of low back pain and your health history that may be related to low back pain. Then examine your back, looking for tender points, movements limited by pain, spinal deformities, such as additional tests etc and after examination and diagnosis guidelines apply to decide that relieve pain and resolve the injury. Among these guidelines, you can use manual therapy, massage therapy, myofascial induction, osteopathic manipulations, Kinesio Taping, cryotherapy, electrotherapy, thermotherapy . . . according to symptoms. The treatment will be individualized and customized. In bed, wear your back with a custom body pillow cases under your knees, or sleep on your side with knees bent and a custom body pillow cases between them. Join gradually to normal activities, including exercise, swim, bike or walk short distances will not hurt your back. Do not stay too much time sitting or standing. Aim for 2 hours each stretching of the lumbar musculature: in a standing position bend forward and back). This entry WAS posted in Neck and Back and tagged antequera, Article, clinical Moheda, back, physiotherapy, back pain, prevention, antequera sun. Bookmark the permalink. You can use these HTML tags and attributes:. . . .